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Estonia’s renewable energy production grows 13 pct in 2011

Estonian news - eteap June 7, 2012

Baltic News Service, 07.06.2012

Production of electricity from renewable sources in Estonia grew last year by 13 percent compared to 2010, Statistics Estonia reports.

During the last five years the share of electricity produced from oil shale has decreased by nearly a tenth while electricity production from renewable sources has grown eight times, the statistics agency observed.

Wind energy output increased last year by nearly a third, hydro energy production by more than 10 percent, and the production of electricity from biomass by more than 5 percent in annual comparison. The share of electricity generated from renewable sources in the total electricity consumption increased from 11 percent to 13 percent during the year.

Estonia’s electricity output totaled 12,893 gigawatt-hours, 1 percent less than the year before. Consumption contracted by 4 percent year-on-year, amounting to 7.1 terawatt-hours. Smaller consumption and increased gross domestic product has reduced the energy intensity over 7 percent compared to 2010.

Estonia remains a large-scale exporter of electricity. In 2011 production exceeded consumption by 60 percent. The export of electricity increased by more than 20 percent year-on-year. The share of electricity exported to Latvia and Lithuania grew by 30 percent.

Oil shale production totaled 18.7 million tons last year, an increase of 4 percent against the previous year. The growth was mainly due to the increase in the production of shale oil. The demand for shale oil in Estonia and on external markets increased production by roughly 7 percent. Three fourths of the output was exported and it increased by nearly 13 percent compared to the previous year. More than a half (54 percent) of exported shale oil goes to the Netherlands, followed by Russia (15 percent) and Britain (8 percent).

At the same time the production of other fuels declined. Due to smaller external demand the production of peat, peat briquettes and wood pellets decreased by nearly a tenth compared to 2010.

At the end of 2011 the electricity price per kilowatt-hour for the household end consumer averaged 0.1 euros. Due to the increased cost of the network service the price of electricity grew by 3.8 percent during the year. The price of electricity in Estonia is one of the lowest in Europe.


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