Estonian news - Tuul June 5, 2014
A total of 13 terawatt-hours (TWh) of electric energy was produced in Estonia in 2013, nearly 11 percent more than in 2012, whereas electricity production from renewable sources decreased by more than 10 percent, Statistics Estonia said on Thursday.
The increase in electricity output was caused by exports, which increased by almost 27 percent compared to 2012. Exports to Latvia accounted for over 90 percent of total exports and the amount exported to Latvia increased by more than a quarter compared with 2012. At the same time, due to the unusually warm winter, domestic consumption of electricity decreased 1 percent.
Over the period from 2009–2012, the share of electricity produced from biomass in the total output of renewable electricity kept growing. In 2013 there was a sharp decrease in the consumption of wood for electricity generation, which, in turn, caused a fall in renewable energy production. At the same time, the implementation of environmental projects has remarkably livened up waste treatment and increased the consumption of waste and biogas for electricity generation. In 2013, wind energy made up 40 percent of the total amount of renewable energy produced in Estonia and wind energy generation increased by 22 percent compared to 2012.
More than 20 million tons of oil shale was produced in Estonia during the year, 9 percent more than in 2012. Most of the oil shale mined is consumed in power plants and as raw material for shale oil. In 2013, compared to 2012, consumption by power plants increased by 16 percent, with 85 percent of total electricity output produced from oil shale. Year after year, the consumption of oil shale in the oil industry has increased, alongside an increase in shale oil production.
Production of shale oil increased by more than 4 percent compared to 2012 and more than 85 percent of the shale oil was exported. Forty percent of the exported shale oil went to Belgium, 20 percent to the Netherlands and 18 percent to Sweden.
Over the past years wood pellets have become an important fuel in the Estonian energy market. In the last five years, the production of pellets has increased more than 1.5-fold. In 2013, production of wood pellets grew nearly 15 percent compared to 2012. More than 90 percent of the wood pellets produced were exported. Of the exports 61 percent went to Denmark and one-fifth to Sweden.
While the production of peat fuels decreased significantly in 2012 due to bad weather conditions, in 2013 a substantial increase took place compared with the preceding year. The production of peat for fuel grew nearly by two-thirds and the production of peat briquette by 8 percent year over year.